Environmental laws are the core of sustainable development because they integrate environmental protection and sustainability with the rules of the law to ensure balanced growth. Environmental regulations are predominantly specific rules and actions enforced by administrative agencies to control pollution and manage natural resources. These regulations protect the environment and internalize externalities, including direct and indirect interventions.
The conceptual boundaries of environmental regulations have extended significantly since the 1990s. In addition to the environmental regulations imposed by administrative agencies, voluntary regulations by firms and industry associations are becoming part of environmental regulations.
Due to the rising importance of these rules across several sectors, the need for experts in environmental regulations is on the rise, both in administrative agencies and private firms. Despite such demands, environmental regulations as a course are offered only by very few institutions across the world, and the same is applicable in the context of India.